Realizing the importance, the police Dog Squad of Kerala State was first started in the year 1959 at Trivandrum for providing assistance to the detection of crime throughout the state with three Alsatian Dogs. The stables attached to the palace guards, Trivandrum was converted into Kennels, and formed the Police Dog Squad [G.O(MS) No. 424/Home Dated 23.05.1969]. Later a quarters in Trivandrum city was converted into a Kennel and the Office of the Dog squad. This formed the nucleus of the State Police Dog squad Unit Trivandrum which had a sanctioned strength of 7 dogs and a staff of 1 S.I, 1 H.C, 2 P.C's, 1 Cook-cum –Sweeper and 6 handlers(G.O. MS No.415/Home dated 28-02-1965). Subunits with two dogs and handlers were sanctioned in Ernakulam, Palakkad and Kozhikode districts. (G.O MS 399/Home Dated 14.10.1965 and G.O MS 280/67/HOME Dated 28.08.1967).
Use of Dogs in Police Work
The dog's active sense of smell, sight and hearing have a decisive advantage over the human agencies and are put to use for assisting the Police in a variety of investigations and search operations. Dogs could be used with substantial success in tracking the criminals after a crime has been committed and in searching premises to locate criminals. Dogs could be used for recovering articles stolen, searching of missing persons and for patrolling, Explosives and Narcotic detection and VIP and VVIP security.
Now dog squads are there in all the 14 districts with City and Rural sub units at Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam and Kozhikode. Department is strengthening the dog squad with more number of dogs and sub units. The handlers along with the dogs undergoes very rigorous and detailed training for 9 months. Some handlers had been trained in BSF and one person has exposure to USA Dog squad through a government programme. Department has started full fledged State Dog Training School along with Kerala Police Academy, Thrissur where the 9 months training is imparted by internal and external faculties.
Dog squad of kerala police has around 82 dogs. Out of these, 41 dogs are sniffer dogs and others are Tracker dogs.